Workplace Discrimination

Workplace Discrimination

Sexual orientation discrimination has been a long-standing issue, but it was not a protected category in the original Civil Rights Act. In 2020, the Supreme Court ruled that the prohibition against sex discrimination in federal employment included sexual orientation and gender identity. This extended the original protection to federal employees and contractors working on behalf of the federal government. However, no federal law explicitly outlaws employment discrimination in the private sector based on sexual orientation. As of 2021, 21 states, including the District of Columbia, Guam, and Puerto Rico, had enacted statutes protecting against sexual orientation and gender identity discrimination in both public and private sectors.